Learning behavior can be interpreted as a learning activity. The concept and definition of learning is vary, depending on the perspective of everyone who watched. Learning itself is defined as a change in behavior as long relatif berlangsung obtained later from experiences (Davidoff, 1998, h.178). Morgan et al (quoted by Walgito, 2003, h.166), gives the following definition of learning: Learning can be defined as a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a result of training or experience.
Things that appear in this definition is that a change in behavior or performance that is relatively permanent. In addition, it also noted that the change in behavior as a result of learning for practice (practice) or because of the experience (experience). In practice the understanding of the business needs of the individual concerned, while the understanding of business experience is not necessarily required. This implies that the experience of a person or people can change their behavior, in addition to the changes that can be caused by exercise. Skinner provides a definition of learning as a process of progressive behavioral adaptation. Learning itself is a process of not knowing to knowing, of not understanding be understood and so on, to obtain changes in behavior better overall result of its interaction with lingkungannya. From the definition can be noted that learning is a process of progressive behavioral adaptations . This means that as a result of studying the nature of progression, a tendency towards a more perfect or better than the previous state (quoted by Walgito, 2003, h.166). According to Shah (2005, p. 92) Learning is a phase change in the behavior of individuals all over the relatively settled as a result of experience and interaction with the environment that involves cognitive processes. In connection with the understanding it appropriate to mention once again that the changes in behavior that result from the process of maturity, state insane, drunk, tired, and saturation can not be viewed as a learning process. Although theoretically study can be interpreted as changes in behavior, but not all changes in the behavior of organisms can be considered learning. Changes arising from the learning process certainly has the characteristics of a typical embodiment. Each learning behavior is always marked by the characteristics of the specific changes. This learned behavior characteristic in some literature references, among others, by Suryabrata educational psychology, (1984, p. 32) referred to as the principles of learning.
Among the characteristics of the typical changes that characterize the behavior of the most important learning is:
a. The change was intentional (conscious and intentional)
Changes in behavior that occurs is a conscious and deliberate effort of the individual concerned. So also with the results, the individual realizes that in itself has been a change, for example, increasing their knowledge or skills is increasing, compared to before he followed a process of learning. For example, a student is learning about educational psychology. He realized that he was trying to learn about the Educational Psychology. Likewise, after studying Educational Psychology she realizes that she has been a change in behavior, to acquire some knowledge, attitudes and skills related to Educational Psychology.
b. Change is positive and active
Changes that occur normative behavior and shows the direction of progress. For example, a student before learning about the Psychology of Education considers that in the Prose Learning need not consider individual differences or personal behavioral development and learners, but after following study Educational Psychology, he understands and intends to apply the principle – the principle of individual differences and principles of development of the individual if he was to become a teacher.
To obtain a new behavior, the individual actively trying to make changes. For example, students want to acquire new knowledge about the psychology of education, the students were actively engaged in reading and reviewing books educational psychology, a discussion with a friend about the psychology of education and so on.
c. Change is effective and functional.
Any change in behavior that occurs can be exploited for the benefit of the individual life, both for the benefit of the present and the future. Example: a student learning about the psychology of education, the knowledge and skills in educational psychology can be used to learn and develop themselves and learn the behavior and the behavior of the learners develop later when he became a teacher.
Learning is a mental activity that can not be seen from outside. What is going on in a person who is learning, can not be known directly only by observing it. In fact, the learning outcomes that can be directly visible, without that person did something that showed the ability that has been obtained through learning. From the above description, it can be concluded that the learned behavior is a mental activity / psychic, which takes place in an active interaction with the environment, which resulted in changes in the understanding of knowledge, skills and attitudes value.
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